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2020年成人英語三級《閱讀理解》模擬練習(11)

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【摘要】成人英語三級考試內容包括閱讀理解、詞語用法與語法結構、挑錯、完形填空和英漢互譯五部分。為了幫助大家高效備考2020年成人英語三級考試,順利獲得成人本科學士學位證書,環球網校小編整理了成人英語三級考試模擬練習《2020年成人英語三級《閱讀理解》模擬練習(11)》。

2020年成人英語三級《閱讀理解》模擬練習(11)

The Chinese of 3500 years ago believed that the earth was a chariot, and the sky was a curved canopy(天空)stretched above it. The canopy was nine layers thick, and it sloped slightly to the northwest, as a cataclysm(地陷)had broken one of its supporting columns. This gentle slope explained the movement of the stars from east to west.

According to these ancient Chinese beliefs, the sun spent the night on earth and ascended to the sky each morning from the luminous valley of the earth by climbing the branches of an immensely tall sacred tree. To the Chinese people, the sun was the incarnation of goodness, beauty, and truth. In popular imagination, the sun was represented as a cock that little by little assumed human form. His battles with the dragons, which personified evil in their beliefs, accounted for momentary disappearances of the sun that men now call eclipses. Many of the Chinese people worshiped the sun, but in the vast and complicated organization of the Chinese gods, the sun was of only secondary importance.

Along with these unsophisticated beliefs about the sun, the Chinese evolved a science of astronomy based upon observation—though essentially religious—which enabled them to predict eclipses of the sun and the movement of the stars. Such predictions were based on calculations made by using a gnomon(【天文】日晷儀指針)—an object whose shadow could be used as a measure, as with a sundial or simple shadow pointers. Moreover, with the naked eye, the Chinese observed sunspots, a phenomenon not then known to their contemporaries.

1. The ancient Chinese believed that the earth ______.

A. was a chariot B. sloped to the northwest

C. was supported by columns D. had nine layers

2. To the Chinese people, the sun represented ______.

A. the primary god B. evil

C. goodness, beauty and truth D. combat

3. The sun‘s disappearances were thought to be caused by ______.

A. fights with cocks B. fights with dragons

C. a scientific phenomenon D. eclipse

4. Ancient Chinese astronomy could be accurately described as ______.

A. entirely religious in nature B. based on legendary figures

C. advanced in some areas D. completely unsuccessful

5. Implied but not stated: ______.

A. The sun was worshiped by all the Chinese people

B. The sun was thought of as a cock

C. Chinese religion and astronomy were closely interrelated

D. Sundials were first used by the Chinese

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